DissertationThesis Guide

VCLA study material Flashcards | Quizlet

Date of publication: 2017-08-27 18:50

65. Listen carefully to the ending of “advise/advice”. The word advise is a verb and means to offer suggestions and to give council, while advice is a noun and means the knowledge, recommendations and guidance that is given. For example, “The professor will offer advice to the graduate students by advising them on what courses to take to complete a degree.”

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68. Both “aloud/allowed” sound the same.  Aloud means to be clearly heard as in “ The manager of the store read the announcement aloud to the customers.”   And allowed is the past tense verb for allow which means permitted as in the sentence “The student was allowed to take the English exam on-line.”

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698. “Bored or boring”? You need to be careful with this one. If you say that you are bored with something like a lecture or book, or that you are just bored because you have nothing to do, then that means you are tired or uninterested. But if you say you are boring , that means you are dull. If someone asks you, how you are? And you can’t be positive about it, don’t say you are boring. You are bored.

Score Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary

With a thorough understanding of how English language students begin to listen for key elements of the language, potential ESL teachers are prepared to meet the standards of the certification process.

667. Double negatives Do you catch yourself saying double negatives like “She can not go no where?” A double negative is using two negative words or phrases in the same sentence. This sentence should be rephrased to read, “She can not go any where.”

95. Which word is which: “regime/regimen”? A regime is more often used as a form of government or administration, or a government in power. For example, “The new regime seemed to be supported by the majority of the working class.”  A regimen is most often used to show a regulated system like a regimen for fitness or a diet.  For example, you could say that he practices yoga in the morning before work as part of his daily regimen.

659. “Worse/worser?” In many dictionaries, the word worser is listed as “archaic”. This means that the word is seldom used today and it is no longer part of standard English. So you can plan to use the word worse instead. It means below expectations or below standard and having negative qualities. For example, “The damage from the flood is worse today than yesterday” or “Even though I retook the test, my score was worse than before.”

77. Are these words used the same: “persuade/convince”? Persuade means to move by an argument to that opinion or course of action usually through appeals to the emotions, moral sense or the will. So you persuade someone who does not want to go to the movies to go after all. Maybe you tell them that you will pay for the movie or that you will buy them popcorn.  You might tell them that they deserve a break or that the movie is a really good one to see. Convince means to bring by demonstration or argument to a belief made to the intellect. You are convinced of a doctrine, belief or duty. You may be convinced that human beings deserve equal rights.

696. “Discover/invent”?   The word discover means to find something previously unknown like, “We discovered the secret path to the top of the clock tower.”  And invent means to make something that never existed.  For example, “Thomas Edison invented many devices that had great impact on the modern world.”

56. “Had better/ought to/should” what is the difference?   These three verbs are all used to give advice.  Had better is strongest emphasis because it implies a negative consequence if the advice is not followed.  Another difference is that ought to and had better are not used with questions.  For example, “ Should I ask my boss for a raise?” Not, “ Ought I to ask my boss for a raise?” And not, “ Had I better ask my boss for a raise?”

EXAMPLE:
8775 I 8767 ll see you next week. 8776
8775 The last week of school is the easiest. 8776
8775 Last week was really hot. 8776
8775 The next person in line is my sister. 8776
8775 Next Saturday is my last English class. 8776

We use an apostrophe to create plural forms in two limited situations: for pluralized letters of the alphabet and when we are trying to create the plural form of a word that refers to the word itself. Here we also should italicize this "word as word," but not the 's ending that belongs to it. Do not use the apostrophe+s to create the plural of acronyms (pronounceable abbreviations such as laser and IRA and URL*) and other abbreviations. (A possible exception to this last rule is an acronym that ends in "S": "We filed four NOS's in that folder.")

669.  “Arrived at/arrived to/arrived in”? You must pay particular attention to what it is that you want to say and then match the preposition “ at, to, or in ” with the verb arrived. For example, you would say that you “… arrived at such and such time.” You would say, “You arrived at an audition or at the school.” And you would say, “You arrived in a certain place like New York.”

79. The difference between “autobiography” and “biography”. An autobiography is a story written by a person about his/her life because the prefix auto means self. In contrast, the word biography is a story written about someone by someone else.

Whew… that was a long list!  But I hope that a few of these “mistakes” will help you along the way with your English language learning. By practicing English, you will become a more confident student. Contact me any time using the comments section below and let me know how your English is progressing. Share a story with me. I’ll do what it takes to help you reach your goal of learning English.

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